- Khoybun (Independence) was a pan-Kurdish party formed in Bhamdoun, Lebanon, in October 1927 by Kurdish intellectuals of aristocratic background and living in exile. It had the close cooperation of the Armenian Dashnak Party and also enjoyed some initial support from France and Great Britain. Jaladet Bedir Khan of the famous Bedir Khan family served as the first president, and the Heverkan confederation figure Hajo also was a leader. Its permanent headquarters were established in Aleppo, Syria, then under French authority.Khoybun sought to establish a strong Kurdish national liberation movement with a trained fighting force that would not depend on the traditional tribal leaders. It instigated the unsuccessful Ararat uprising of the Kurds in Turkey from 1927 to 1930. In 1928, France, responding to Turkish pressure, banned Khoybun's activities in Aleppo. The party also was singularly unsuccessful in promoting itself among the Kurds in northern Iraq. Nevertheless, Khoybun lingered on for many years and in some ways may still be seen as one of the main organizational successes of pan-Kurdish nationalism in the 20th century.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
Look at other dictionaries:
Republic of Ararat — This article is about the Kurdish independence movement. The same name was sometimes also used to refer to the Democratic Republic of Armenia, established in 1918. Infobox Former Country native name = Komara Agiriyê conventional long name =… … Wikipedia
Peshmerga — Infobox Military Unit unit name = Peshmerga caption = Peshmerga emblem dates = 1890 Present country = Iraqi Kurdistan Region allegiance = branch = Army type = role = Domestic defense size = 270,000 [… … Wikipedia
İhsan Nuri Pasha — (c. 1896 ndash; 1976) was the general during the Ağrı rebellion.Many Kurdish nationalists met in October 1927 and not only proclaimed the independence of Kurdistan, but also formed Khoybun (Independence), a “supreme national organ … with full and … Wikipedia
Xoybûn — oder Khoybun war eine kurdische Unabhängigkeitsbewegung und bedeutet auf deutsch in etwa Selbst sein. Gegründet wurde sie im Libanon am 5. Oktober 1927. Der vollständige Name lautet Xoybûn Ciwata Serxwebuna Kurd, was auf deutsch Organisation für… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bedir (Badr) Khan Family — Bedir Khan Beg had many sons who played a role in nascent Kurdish politics. Uthman and Husayn carried out a brief rebellion in Botan in 1879. Midhat published a bilingual Kurdish Turkish journal called Kurdistan in Cairo beginning in 1898.… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Kurdish people — Kurd redirects here. For other uses, see Kurd (disambiguation). Kurds 1st row: Saladin … Wikipedia
Xoybun — Xoybûn oder Khoybun war eine kurdische Unabhängigkeitsbewegung und bedeutet auf deutsch in etwa Selbst sein. Gegründet wurde sie im Libanon am 5. Oktober 1927. Der vollständige Name lautet Xoybûn Ciwata Serxwebuna Kurd, was auf deutsch… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Badr Khānī Jāladat — ▪ leader of Kurds born 1893, Maktala, Syria died 1951, Damascus Kurdish (Kurd) nationalist leader and editor who was one of the chief 20th century spokesmen for Kurdish independence. Jāladat, like his elder brother Surayyā, devoted… … Universalium
Chronology — 401 BCE Kardouchoi harass retreating Greeks, as recorded by Xenophon in his Anabasis. Mid 7th century CE Kurds are Islamicized. 1169 Saladin (most famous Kurd) establishes Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt and Syria. 1187 Saladin defeats Crusaders at the… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND — The origin of the Kurds is uncertain, although some scholars believe them to be the descendants of various Indo European tribes, which settled in the area as long as 4,000 years ago. The Kurds themselves claim to be the descendants of the Medes… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds